Attorneys general from 11 states and Washington, D.C. are suing the Trump administration in hopes of putting the brakes on association health plan expansion.
Expanding AHPs is a key plank in President Donald Trump’s healthcare platform, but critics call the plans “junk insurance” that will sidestep Affordable Care Act regulations.
Meanwhile, the House of Representatives passed two bills last week that look to lower restrictions on health savings accounts (HSAs).
Trump, who repeatedly calls the ACA a “disaster,” said AHPs and allowing anyone to get catastrophic health insurance will offer flexibility and reduce health insurance costs.
In announcing the final rule last month, the Department of Labor said the regulation included anti-discrimination protections similar to those for large employers. It also allows states to regulate AHPs.
Though supportive of those protections, AHP critics are still concerned about the plans. They charge that AHPs will offer fewer consumer protections, lead to higher premiums in individual and small-group markets and result in fraudulent companies in the AHP market.
Tempting people with lower-cost offerings, AHPs and catastrophic plans could cause millions to flee the ACA exchanges. A recent report from the Society of Actuaries predicted between 3% and 10% of those in ACA marketplace plans will leave for AHPs. Those people are more likely to be young and healthy. Leaving the marketplace plans will result in an unstable risk pool with higher premiums in the exchanges.
A recent report from Avalere predicted individual rates would increase by between 2.7% and 4% and small group by between 0.1% and 1.9% with AHP expansion. Avalere said 130,000 to 140,000 more people will become uninsured because of the premium increases in the individual market by 2022.
Millions of people and small employers once got coverage through AHPs. However, the ACA instituted consumer protections for AHPs and said they should be regulated the same as individual and small-group market plans, such as requiring them to cover people with pre-existing conditions. The consumer protections increased the costs of AHPs, and many of them folded. The Kaiser Family Foundation said only 6% of employers with fewer than 250 employees offered health insurance through AHPs in 2017.
The Trump administration wants to make AHPs a low-cost solution with fewer regulations and consumer protections. However, the lawsuit involving 11 states and Washington, D.C. alleges the Department of Labor’s rule to expand AHPs violates the Administrative Procedures Act. The suit said that allowing for more AHPs “increases the risk of fraud and harm to consumers, requires states to redirect significant enforcement resources to curb those risks and jeopardizes state efforts to protect their residents through stronger regulation. The rule is unlawful and should be vacated.”
Meanwhile, the Republican-led House of Representatives is promoting more use of health savings accounts, which are a crucial part of high-deductible health plans and the drive toward consumerism.
One bill the House passed would allow members more flexibility to use their HSA until meeting their deductible. It also lets spouses contribute to an HSA and loosens restrictions on how members can use the account. The second piece of legislation would let people set aside more money for their HSA. That bill would also reduce the health insurance tax for two years, a change supported by the insurance lobby. The ACA created the tax as a way to pay for coverage improvements, but payers say it increases premiums.