UPDATE: Nov. 13, 2019: This brief has been updated to include comments from provider groups.
- CMS proposed a new rule Tuesday that would establish stricter requirements for states to report information on supplemental Medicaid payments to providers in a bid to clamp down on spending and promote transparency.
- The agency will also soon release guidance on how states can test alternative financing approaches in the safety net program like block grant and per-capita cap proposals for "certain optional adult populations," CMS Administrator Seema Verma said Tuesday at the National Association of Medicaid Director's annual conference in Washington, D.C.
- Later this year, CMS will also issue guidance on how states can promote value-based payments and social determinants of health factors in Medicaid, Verma said. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation is currently developing several new payment models to push providers to take on more risk for their patient populations in those programs.
The moves are in line with sweeping changes from the Trump administration moving more power to the states and asking more from recipients. The CMS administrator teased late last month the agency would soon release new guidance for states to inject flexibility into their Medicaid programs.
"We shouldn't ration care but instead make how we pay for care more rational," Verma said Tuesday. "Medicaid must move toward value-based care."
Speaking to the Medicaid directors Tuesday, Verma said the changes are aimed preserving Medicaid for future generations.
"Going forward there will be no new [State Innovation Model] grants, no more open-ended one-off district waivers," she said. "We must move forward with a more unified, cohesive approach across payers, across CMS, across states."
The proposed rule, called Medicaid Fiscal Accountability (MFAR), will add more scrutiny to supplemental payments, which are Medicaid payments to providers in addition to medical services rendered to Medicaid beneficiaries, such as payments supporting quality initiatives or bolstering rural or safety net providers.
Some states rely heavily on these additional payments to offset low Medicaid reimbursement or support struggling hospitals. Provider lobbies did not take kindly to the new rule.
"We share the government's desire to protect patients and taxpayers with transparency in federal programs, but today's proposal oversteps this goal with deeply damaging policies that would harm the healthcare safety net and erode state flexibility," Beth Fledpush, SVP of policy and advocacy for America's Essential Hospitals, said in a statement.
AEH, which includes more than 300 member hospital and health systems, many of which are safety net providers, asked CMS to withdraw the proposal. The American Hospital Association told Healthcare Dive it was still reviewing the rule and declined comment.
However, government oversight agencies like the Government Accountability Office and the Office of Inspector General have recommended changes to these payments, which have increased from 9.4% of Medicaid payments in 2010 to 17.5% in 2017, according to CMS.
MFAR would also propose new definitions for "base" and "supplemental" payments in order to better enforce statutory requirements around and eliminate vulnerabilities in program spending.
Verma has long teased CMS support of block grants, an idea popular with conservatives, but Tuesday's speech solidifies the agency's support of such proposals. A handful of red states have been mulling over capped spending to gain more clarity around budgets.
In September, Tennessee unveiled its plan to move to a block grant system that would set a floor for federal contributions adjusted on a per capita basis if enrollment grows. Any savings would be shared between the state and the government.
Tennessee must submit a formal application to CMS to later than Nov. 20. If approved, it would become the first state to use a block grant funding mechanism in Medicaid. Additionally, Utah submitted a waiver application seeking per-capita Medicaid caps in June; Oklahoma Gov. Kevin Stitt, a Republican, is reportedly considering such a program; and Alaska and Texas have both commissioned block grant studies.